CBD for PMS (Premenstrual Syndrome)
Premenstrual syndrome, more commonly referred to as PMS, relates to the physical and emotional symptoms that occur prior to a woman’s period. These symptoms arise due to the shifting levels of hormones present in the female body throughout their monthly menstrual cycle.
PMS symptoms start five to 11 days before menstruation and typically go away once menstruation begins. Many of the symptoms of PMS are related to emotional and mood changes, while others can be physical and sometimes interfere with daily life.
Up to 80% of childbearing age women report having one or more symptoms of PMS. The diagnosis of PMS is fairly straightforward, as many women can track their symptoms of a cyclical basis in line with their monthly cycle.
PMS symptoms vary, but some of the most common symptoms include:
- Swollen or tender breasts
- Temporary weight gain caused by fluid retention
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Mood swings
- Social withdraw
- Change in libedo
- Changes in appetite or cravings
- Trouble concentrating
Though PMS varies between women, it is often classified into four distinct subtypes. These subtypes were discovered by Dr. Guy Abraham in 1983. They are: PMS-A. This subtype is classified by the feelings of anxiety that come with it. PMS-C. Intense cravings of carbohydrates, thought to be caused by issues with the normal secretion and production of insulin during the menstrual cycle, characterize this subtype of PMS. PMS-D. Feelings of depression or hopelessness. PMS-H. Hyperhydration occurs in this subset, causing breast swelling and tenderness, or soreness in the hands and feet.
Although the underlying cause of PMS is unknown, there are a variety of environmental and genetic circumstances that can increase the symptoms of PMS, including:
Cyclical hormone changes. As the menstrual cycle occurs, women may experience an increase and decrease in progesterone and estrogen levels, which causes many of the symptoms of PMS.
Diet. Research has shown that an increase in simple carbohydrates (such as those in bread and sugar) increase PMS symptoms.
History of depression or other mood disorders. Because of the hormonal issues associated with many mood disorders, women suffering from depression or other mood illnesses are at a higher risk for more intense PMS symptoms.
If you are diagnosed with PMS or you experience many of these symptoms around your monthly period, you have a number of options for prevention and treatment. These include:
- Pain medication can help reduce headache or cramp pain.
- Taking supplements, like folic acid, vitamin B-6, calcium, vitamin D, and magnesium. These supplements have been shown to ease cramps and limit mood swings.
- Increase your fluid intake around the time of your period to ease bloating.
- Eat a diet rich in vitamins and minerals, as well as clean carbohydrates, like fruits and veggies.
- CBD is effective in managing pain caused by PMS.
- Avoid excessive alcohol intake.
- Sleeping at least eight hours nightly.
- Getting regular exercise.
- Reducing stress has been shown to help ease PMS symptoms.
Often, finding the right treatment takes trial and error and many women find that treating PMS can be a difficult process. Talk to your doctor to explore your treatment options if your symptoms are severe.